** Estos son los artículos de 2017 (so far y en orden de aceptación) con los contenidos respectivos. Los puedes bajar libremente. Me puedes contactar si tienes preguntas.**


6.   Vilalta, C., Sanchez, T., Fondevila, G. & Ramirez, M. A descriptive model of the relationship between Police CCTV systems and crime. Evidence from Mexico CityPolice Practice & Research. Forthcoming.

Abstract / Manuscript Journal

We test the relationship of police closed circuit television (CCTV) systems with crime at the census block level. Our descriptive model is based on environmental criminology theory and spatial modeling. We use as case study the Colonia Roma neighborhood in Mexico City which is a neighborhood characterized by high density, mixed uses, and high levels of crime. We found that CCTV correlated only with non-violent crime and, further, that crime was more strongly correlated to other crime opportunity and social disorganization correlates. In the remaining blocks we found no statistical evidence of an association between CCTV and crime. We discuss these results in terms of research methods and policy.


5.   Vilalta, C. & Fondevila, G. Some reasons for using Zipf´s law in the analysis of urban crime: The case of Mexico. Papers in Applied Geography. Forthcoming.

Abstract / Manuscript Journal

The high concentration of crime in a handful of cities is clear. What is not clear, however, is why crime levels are high in particular places. Using crime victimization data from 32 Mexican cities, I test one proposition and develop another. First, I show that Zipf´s law fits to a certain degree the distribution of crime victimization and fear of crime. Second, I argue that these patterns are due to opportunities to commit crimes that are created not only by the spatial-temporal convergence of potential victims and offenders, but to the principle of least effort, which help explain urban development processes. In this regard, more and better conditions of production in a city mean not only more jobs and wealth, but also more crime victims. This suggests that urban crime is not only predictable, to some degree, but also a problem associated with the forces of urbanization.


4.   Vilalta, C. & Fondevila, G. School vandalism in Mexico. Journal of School Violence. Forthcoming.

Abstract / Manuscript Journal

Mexico, like other countries in Latin America, is currently facing significant problems with regard to juvenile antisocial behavior and crime. The current study explores some of the factors associated with school vandalism in public high schools. Multilevel modeling with survey data from 22,345 students from 249 schools, acquired over two years, was used to determine how much variation in the rates of school vandalism exists between and within schools, and to detect individual and contextual characteristics that explain significant proportions of the variance. Results demonstrated significant differences across schools in the rates of student vandalism, most of which were associated with gang involvement, drug use, bullying, no attachment to school rules, and unequal treatment of students by teachers. These results are discussed in relation to the literature on school vandalism, and implications for the prevention of school vandalism are discussed.


3.   Vilalta, C. La victimización de las empresas en México: conceptos, teorías y mediciones. Gestión y Política Pública. Próxima publicación.

Resumen / Manuscrito Revista

Este estudio presenta las bases conceptuales, teóricas y de análisis empírico para el estudio ordenado de la victimización delictiva de las empresas. Contiene una revisión teórica contemporánea y una discusión de las mediciones actuales en esta materia. Además, presenta estadísticos descriptivos que muestran la magnitud del problema de la victimización empresarial. Se demuestra que el segundo delito más frecuente contra las empresas en el país es alguno relacionado con la corrupción, es decir, alguno cometido por el servidor público. Igualmente se muestra una elevada variación inter-anual en la incidencia de estos delitos, lo que lleva a la necesidad de proseguir en el país con la discusión metodológica en esta materia.

 

2.   Vilalta, C. & Allmang, S. (2017). Assessing the role of context on the relationship between adolescent marijuana use and property crimes in Mexico. Substance Use & Misuse, 52(2), 152, 163.

Abstract / Manuscript Journal

Background: A limited amount of research has been conducted on the association between marijuana use and adolescent crime in developing countries such as Mexico, where crime rates are high and marijuana use is increasing.Objectives: To examine the association between the frequency of marijuana use and the likelihood of committing of a property crime, and to identify contextual factors explaining individual differences in the likelihood of committing a property crime. Methods:  The contribution of marijuana use to property crimes was examined based on two nationwide probabilistic surveys of public high school students, using a multilevel mixed effects logistic regression model. Results: Marijuana use significantly increased the odds of committing a property crime. Differences between schools were observed in the random effects of marijuana use, suggesting that the likelihood of committing a property crime was differentially affected by contextual factors. In addition, students who were victims of bullying by peers and who had parents that abused alcohol had higher odds of committing a property crime. Perceived disorder in students’ schools and neighborhoods also increased students’ odds of reporting that they had commited a property crime. Conclusion: The importance of the effect of school context on the relationship between marijuana use and the commission of a property crime among Mexican public high school students seemed to increase over time. However, these results may also be due to changes in sampling designs over time.


1.   Vilalta, C. (2017). Cuando la cleptocracia no alcanza: los delitos contra las empresas. Economía, Sociedad y Territorio, 27(55), 837- 866.

Resumen / Manuscrito Revista

¿Cuántos delitos contra las empresas se cometen y cuál es el daño económico que producen? Con este estudio se responde esta pregunta, y se agrega un análisis inicial estadístico de diversas características elementales de este problema de seguridad pública. Con base en las encuestas de victimización contra las empresas de 2011 y 2013 en México realizado por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (Inegi), se encontró, principalmente, que las pérdidas económicas directas y los gastos destinados en medidas de protección contra el delito son multimillonarias. Otro problema claramente identificable es la alta victimización empresarial por actos de corrupción, en donde los victimarios son funcionarios de gobierno.

 


 

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Carlos Vilalta